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「黒ワニとハーモニカ」別館 バンダイがマーズジャケットをプラモにしてくれるのを待つ日記

ロボットアニメをわりと好むヲタによるブログ。 たまに少しだけ防衛問題について喋ったりもします。 あとパワードレッド・ドレッドノートHのプラモ化と、コトブキヤが有澤の雷電をプラモにしてくれるのも待ってます。

「Electrotechnology for Dog」的話

ウォレスとグルミットが火あぶりに会うという憂き目を見たそうだが、大丈夫かしらん。
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国防長官来日見送り 日米同盟に陰り 「普天間」停滞 首相丸投げ状態

http://headlines.yahoo.co.jp/hl?a=20051007-00000000-san-pol


 日米両政府が今月下旬で調整していたラムズフェルド米国防長官の訪日が見送られた。沖縄県の米軍普天間飛行場(宜野湾市)の移設問題が暗礁に乗り上げていることへの「不満の表れ」(政府筋)とみられる。十一月中旬で調整されている日米首脳会談への影響が懸念されるだけでなく、緊密な同盟関係に陰りがみえている。
 ◆強い危機感
 「日米双方が好機を逃したくないと考えていると信じるが、障害に直面している」
 米国のローレス国防副次官は九月下旬の上院外交委員会東アジア太平洋小委員会の公聴会でこう明言し、日本側の対応に強い不満を表明した。そして、ラムズフェルド国防長官の来日見送り-。
 外務省は米側の対応について「日本が基地負担の軽減にばかり固執していることにいらだっている」(幹部)と解説しつつ、「在日米軍の再編協議だけでなく、今後の日米関係そのものに大きな影響が出かねない」と危機感を強めている。
 日米両政府は当初、十月中に基地再編案を盛り込んだ「中間報告」を策定する方針だったが、普天間問題で日米双方の主張が平行線をたどり、膠着(こうちゃく)状態に。日本側が名護市辺野古沖での現行計画を見直し、米軍キャンプ・シュワブ(名護市など)内の代替施設建設を主張しているのに対し、米側はシュワブ寄りの浅瀬に施設を建設することを求めているためだ。
 普天間問題の前面に立つ防衛庁は、十月二十九日にワシントンで外務・防衛担当閣僚による日米安全保障協議委員会(2プラス2)の開催に何とかこぎつけ、普天間を除外したまま中間報告で早期に合意したいとの期待感が強い。
 だが、普天間飛行場の移設問題は一部地元の反対運動や首相自身が今年三月に計画見直しを表明したため、外務・防衛両当局も「うかつには扱えない」と及び腰だ。
 外務省は在日米軍再編問題が、地球規模の米軍の変革・再編(トランスフォーメーション)の一環であることを考慮。「米案を軸に検討を進めた方がいい」(別の幹部)との考えに傾いており、「地元の説得も含めて、防衛庁の対応を見守った方が得策だ」(幹部)と後ろ向きの声が出ている。
 普天間問題が決着しなければ2プラス2の開催は実現が難しく、「そうなれば、十一月十六日で調整中の首脳会談も流れる」(政府関係者)可能性が出ている。
 ◆司令塔不在
 「米国がかなりキレているのに、それが官邸にきちんと伝わっていないようだ。官邸では、だれも真剣に取り組んでいないのではないか」
 自民党の閣僚経験者は六日、司令塔不在の現状をこう嘆いた。2プラス2の開催を急ぐ防衛庁内にも「普天間はもう、政治決着しかない」(幹部)と、首相の高度な政治決断への期待感が高まっている。
 在日米軍基地問題に関する基本方針は「地元の基地負担軽減」と「抑止力の維持」の二本柱。だが、東シナ海で中国海軍がガス田採掘をめぐって軍事的な示威行動をして緊張感が高まる中、日米関係がぎくしゃくし始めたことで、負担軽減どころか抑止力の維持も危うくなりかねない。
 この問題に関する小泉首相の発言は少なく、今月三日、「地元と全体の状況を考えながら判断しなければいけない」と述べた程度。外務・防衛の担当者らにも「『負担軽減と抑止力維持だぞ』としか言わない」(政府関係者)と丸投げ状態だ。
 こうした首相の対応については「大統領との個人的な信頼関係にあぐらをかいている」(別の閣僚経験者)との批判がある。また、「衆院選前まで小泉首相の関心は郵政民営化だけ」(政府関係者)との政治姿勢も、外務・防衛当局や沖縄県に微妙に影響したようだ。
 日本の安全に直結する東アジアの国際情勢は中国の軍拡や北朝鮮、ロシアの動向など、不透明感が漂っている。それだけに、国家の専管事項である外交、安全保障問題での首相の決断は不可欠だが、自民党内には「首相は任期中の決着をあきらめたのではないか」との悲観的な見方もある。
 一方、政府を支える立場の自民党では、日米安保・基地再編合同調査会の額賀福志郎座長が中心となり再編案を策定する方針。かつては小渕恵三元首相や梶山静六元官房長官らが沖縄問題に尽力したが、自民党の旧橋本派の政治力の低下が著しく、額賀氏らが影響力を行使できるか未知数だ。
(産経新聞) - 10月7日2時37分更新

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 確かに再編といえば「地元の負担軽減」ばかりが話題になりがちで、先の共同戦略目標というテーゼや東アジアの安全保障環境への影響という観点から論じられることが少なかったのではないかと思う。
また「世界週報」には、自衛隊制服組が再編協議からほとんど外され、結果として日本側に必要な専門知識への理解が欠如していることや、防衛庁と外務省の相互不信からくる「統一されていない交渉」に米側は失望と不満を深めており、このままでは再編協議はいずれ暗礁に乗り上げる…とする「X論文」が寄稿されていたが、その話もこの記事を見るに飛ばしやヨタの類でもなさそうだ。
 しかし首相の指導力は今も国内政治に向いてままで、今後について私見を述べさせてもらえば悲観的にならざるを得ない。

Soldier Killed by Car Bomber; Terrorists Detained

http://www.globalsecurity.org/military/library/news/2005/10/mil-051010-afps01.htm

American Forces Press Service

WASHINGTON, Oct. 10, 2005 – A Task Force Baghdad soldier was killed today when a suicide car bomb detonated outside a checkpoint near the International Zone in Baghdad, military officials reported.

An Iraqi army soldier, an interpreter and an Iraqi civilian wounded in the terrorist attack were evacuated to a military hospital for treatment.

The name of the deceased U.S. soldier is being withheld pending notification of next of kin.

Also today, the Iraqi Army in eastern Baghdad detained two suspected terrorists during early-morning raids. The action stems from combat operations on Oct. 8, when Iraqi soldiers captured a group of terrorists.

"During the interrogation, the terrorists provided the Iraqi army with the names and expected locations of their cell leaders," said Maj. Terry Cook, a U.S. Army officer who works with the Iraqi army. "Today, the Iraqi army took action on that information and seized two higher-level terrorists." Both are suspected of directing attacks against civilians, Iraqi security forces and coalition forces.

Interrogation results indicate the terrorists were planning attacks against the Shiite population to disrupt Iraq's Oct. 15 constitutional referendum, officials said.

"The Iraqi soldiers hit the target locations very fast and very professionally," Cook said. "No shots were fired, and the suspects did not put up a fight." The terror suspects are being processed by the Iraqi judicial system, officials said.

Elsewhere, Task Force Liberty soldiers and Iraqi security forces detained two wanted terrorists during a series of raids in Kirkuk at 3:30 a.m. today.

One detainee is suspected of taking part in assassinations and distributing anti-coalition propaganda. The other is a known weapons trafficker. A small cache was found at his house during the operation.

The raids were conducted as part of Operation Saratoga, Task Force Liberty's effort to disrupt terror cells across north-central Iraq and set the conditions for a safe and secure constitutional referendum vote Oct. 15, officials said.

In other developments, coalition forces, acting on multiple intelligence sources, raided a safe house suspected of harboring foreign terrorists today.

During the raid, coalition forces found four 120 mm rockets of a type often used to make improvised explosive devices and detained four suspected terrorists. Coalition forces removed and destroyed the four rockets in a nearby open field.

In other Iraq news, Iraqi police officers from the Tarmiya district conducted a joint patrol with coalition forces and detained a man and seven rifles Oct. 9 in Taji.

Police and coalition forces encountered the young man, who was holding an AK-47. The suspect was detained and the area was searched. Five additional AK-47s and a Russian-made sniper rifle were found and seized. The suspect is being detained pending further investigation by authorities.

In Baghdad, Iraqi army soldiers coordinated and executed a large-scale operation to capture suspected terrorists Oct. 8. Three Iraqi army battalions struck numerous targets simultaneously and detained 12 suspects.

The suspected terrorists are thought to be responsible for at least 15 separate deadly attacks on schools, Iraqi police stations, government officials and Iraqi army and coalition forces convoys, officials said. They are suspected of using small arms, rocket-propelled grenades, mortars, roadside bombs and grenades to kill and maim civilians and Iraqi and coalition forces.

In another part of Baghdad, coalition forces detained five wanted terrorists during an early-morning raid. The suspects are members of a terrorist group responsible for attacks against coalition forces and Iraqi civilians. Soldiers raided the suspects' residences and then conducted a cordon-and-knock operation in the surrounding neighborhoods.

"After we didn't find our suspects initially, we moved out into the neighborhood to search other homes," said Army Capt. Sam Allen, a platoon leader with 1st Battalion, 9th Field Artillery Regiment, 2nd Brigade Combat Team. "In one house, the noncommissioned officers were on the ball and thought one guy was acting suspiciously. The neighbors, after seeing that we were there to help, told us that he was lying about his name, and it turned out that he was on the brigade's most-wanted list."

Since local residents cooperated with soldiers, force was not necessary in apprehending the suspect, Allen said.

"It had already been a long day when we found the suspect - we had searched about 50 homes - and that speaks volumes of our soldiers' work ethic and dedication," Allen said. "They always put 100 percent into every mission, and it pays off every day."

In other operations, a group of Iraqi citizens living in southwestern Baghdad, weary of violence in their neighborhood, detained a suspected terrorist, then made a phone call to a Task Force Baghdad tips hotline so soldiers could come and get him.

The Iraqis called the U.S. soldiers late in the evening Oct. 8 and a patrol from 3rd Battalion, 7th Infantry Regiment, arrived within minutes.

When the soldiers got to the scene, the residents handed over a terror suspect the unit had been looking for the night before. The suspect was detained for questioning. In other combat operations Oct. 8, Iraqi soldiers from the 3rd Battalion, 3rd Iraqi Army Brigade, carried out an early-morning cordon-and-search operation in the Abu Ghraib district of western Baghdad.

Within 20 minutes of their arrival at the suspected safe house, the Iraqi forces had secured the area and detained two terror suspects. The suspects are believed to be involved in killing and kidnapping Iraqi police officers, planting improvised explosive devices, and making remote-control-detonated bombs at an electronic shop in the neighborhood.

Elsewhere, coalition forces captured seven terror suspects while conducting six cordon-and-search operations in northern Baghdad. One of the suspects taken into custody is thought to be a member of a car-bombing cell. Another is believed to have placed roadside bombs targeting Iraqi and coalition convoys. A third suspect had an RPG-sighting device and four spools of wire in his possession when he was captured.

In the air war over Iraq, coalition aircraft flew 44 close-air-support and armed-reconnaissance sorties Oct. 9 for Operation Iraqi Freedom. These missions included support to coalition troops, infrastructure protection, reconstruction activities, and operations to deter and disrupt terrorist activities. Coalition aircraft also supported Iraqi and coalition ground forces operations to create a secure environment for ongoing Transitional National Assembly meetings. U.S. Air Force F-16s and F-15s and U.S. Navy F-14s provided close air support to coalition troops near Baghdad, Samarra and Tuz Khurmatu.

In addition, nine U.S. Air Force and U.S. Navy intelligence, surveillance and reconnaissance aircraft flew missions in support of operations in Iraq. Also, British Royal Air Force fighter aircraft performed in a nontraditional ISR role with their electro-optical and infrared sensors.

(Compiled from Multinational Force Iraq, Multinational Security Transition Command Iraq, Task Force Baghdad and U.S. Central Command Air Forces Forward news releases. Army Maj. Russ Goemaere contributed to this report.)


http://www.defenselink.mil/news/Oct2005/20051010_2989.html


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 新イラク軍再建の進捗状況、こちらの記事を見るに重要問題視される国境付近の管理統制を行い得る段階にまでは至っていないし、米軍将校の"The Iraqi soldiers hit the target locations very fast and very professionally," "No shots were fired, and the suspects did not put up a fight"という評価を鵜呑みにするわけにもいかないが、それでも独自に治安維持作戦を遂行できるくらいの、ある程度の能力は備わってきている様子。